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John McCarrick, assistant secretary of the U.S. Department of State`s Energy Resources Bureau, said in an interview on November 29 that the U.S. is committed to TurkStream and Nord Stream II pipeline projects that want to transfer natural gas from Russia to Turkey and Germany — via Turkey and the Baltic Sea. Turkey bought the Russian S-400 missile system after Washington allowed Greece, but not Turkey, access to Patriot missiles. While Greece has Russian S-300 missiles in its stockpiles, it is surprising to many that Turkey, a NATO member, bought Russian missile systems. With a punishable approach against Turkey, the United States has agreed to lift a 32-year arms embargo against Southern Cyprus. U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo also said Turkey`s activities in gas drilling in the eastern Mediterranean were „unacceptable.“ Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis has called on Washington to exercise authority to solve the problem. Meanwhile, the EU has supported illegal attempts in southern Cyprus to divide the region and drill through various companies and partners. Tensions rose when Greek Cypriot Head of State Nicos Anastasiades reported Turkey, which has begun drilling on the Cypriot island, to the United Nations, while the United States and the EU supported pipeline agreements between southern Cyprus and some European and Israeli countries against Turkey. Turkey, on the other hand, has chosen its path, conducted drilling in the region under the protection of its naval forces, after receiving great support from the EU or the United States, Ankara, leading to long-standing disputes over Turkey`s immigration policy and broader questions about the country`s role in NATO. Greece and Cyprus are the main losers in this game, with Israel theoretically able to pass its gas through Turkey, even if it seems unlikely.

Today, trade between the two nations remains strong. „If the announcement of a ceasefire comes from the Berlin conference, but who is not really behind it, if it is violated, what is the consequence?“ Eaton said. „There have already been resolutions on strengthening the arms embargo, but that doesn`t mean that anyone has really tried to impose it.“ Turkey is not a signatory to the 1982 UN agreement regulating maritime borders and does not recognize the Southern Republic of Cyprus and its agreements on an exclusive economic zone with Egypt, Lebanon and Israel. Turkey and the government of the national agreement have signed a maritime border treaty to create an exclusive economic zone in the Mediterranean, meaning they can claim rights to basic marine resources. [1] According to the list of maritime border treaties, this is the first agreement ever signed between the two countries and thus introduces a new dynamic in the eastern Mediterranean region. However, there are concerns that the agreement could fuel an „energy showdown“ in the region because it is highly controversial. [2] There is no such in-depth agreement between the coastal states of the eastern Mediterranean. The Greek Cypriot administration of southern Cyprus considers itself the sole authority on the island, while Greece, Libya, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and Israel have declared all EEZs of the eastern Mediterranean. It is important to note, however, that the DEEE agreements between the EU and the Greek Cypriot duo and the us-backed coastal states have no legitimacy because of the illegality of the Eastern Mediterranean Gas Forum – which violates the rights protected by international law of Turkey and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) -. In recent weeks, Turkish President Erdogan and the Prime Minister of the seismic government, Al-Sarraj, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding on military cooperation and maritime competence between the two countries. Greece recognizes its territories within the area between the region of Crete and the island of Meyisti as a single coast.